Recently in religion, we have been looking into the morality of animal and from this our teacher asked us to write a post on “the negative issues with cloning animals”. I found this very interesting and from my research I found that cloning could have a huge impact on not just the animal kingdom but also on the human world too.
The term cloning describes a number of different processes that can be used to produce genetically identical copies of a biological entity. Animal Clones are asexually reproduced. In order to clone, mature somatic cells must be removed from the animal that they wish to copy. They then transfer the DNA of the donor animal’s somatic cell into an egg cell, or oocyte, that has had its own DNA-containing nucleus removed. The egg is then allowed to develop into an early-stage embryo in the test-tube and then is implanted into the womb of an adult female animal. Ultimately, the adult female gives birth to an animal that has the same genetic make up as the animal that donated the somatic cell. This young animal is referred to as a clone.
There are many negative issues revolving around the action of clothing including animal suffering, the opposition of consumers and the moral and ethical implications of it. One negative aspect of cloning is that it causes severe animal suffering. After my research, I found that over 95% attempts at animal cloning fail and that even if they do survive they are usually plagued with problems. These problems include birth defects, physiological impairments, illness, and premature death and development problems. For example abnormalities occur in over 50% of cow clones.
Another negative issue of cloning is consumers opposition as a study showed that 67% of the American populace disapprove of cloning animals for food and after respondent were told of animal suffering the disapproval increased to 88%. Consumers view cloning as morally wrong and because of this refuse to buy food that has roots to cloning. Many brands have now include a non-cloning sign on their labels.
The last negative issue of cloning I would like to discuss, is the ethical and moral implications of it. Cloning affects animal welfare and promotes intensive farming practices and the commodification of animal and many feel that it is not natural and you are essentially playing God. People are also in fear of the animal cloning technology as they are aware that you can clone humans and also produce transgenic animals.
Although cloning promises great advantages for both commerce and research alike, I have concluded that its negative issues outweigh its positives as there is a high mortality rate and many problems associated with it.